Top 10 Reasons to Believe God DOES Exist

6) Argument from Gradation


St. Thomas Aquinas is perhaps the most revered Doctor (teacher) and philosopher of the Catholic church (an institution which has existed for nearly two millennia). His exceptional mind was about as close to 100% focused on the question of the divine as is likely possible for man. In the midst of his work, he produced “5 ways” that he believed God’s existence could be demonstrated — the fourth of which is called the argument from gradation.

The fourth way is taken from the gradation to be found in things. Among beings there are some more and some less good, true, noble and the like. But “more” and “less” are predicated of different things, according as they resemble in their different ways something which is the maximum, as a thing is said to be hotter according as it more nearly resembles that which is hottest; so that there is something which is truest, something best, something noblest and, consequently, something which is uttermost being; for those things that are greatest in truth are greatest in being, as it is written in Metaph. ii. Now the maximum in any genus is the cause of all in that genus; as fire, which is the maximum heat, is the cause of all hot things. Therefore there must also be something which is to all beings the cause of their being, goodness, and every other perfection; and this we call God.

We are able to detect and affirm variations or grades of quality within things, says Aquinas, by comparing them to real maximums. There must be then something akin to Plato’s idea of the Good. Something truest, best, noblest and possessing utter-most being. An object from which our minds are able to derive value judgements of the kind. This thing we call God.


About Patrick Stephens 164 Articles
Patrick is the founder and lead editor of the publication. Currently a pastor of many years by trade, Patrick served in the US Army and did his graduate work at both Miami University in Oxford, OH (Social Sciences) and the University of Dayton (Theology) — earning an advanced degree. He enjoys bringing a larger historical and philosophical perspective to his projects. Also, he likes comic books.

1 Comment

  1. My personal number one reason is “I’VE SEEN CHRIST JESUS” and know full well He is God~! He said more Blessed is He who has not seen but who Believes~!The reason for that is it takes the “Purest Faith” to Believe in an Unseen God.I am unsure why He revealed Himself to me but I am Grateful He did.

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